How Alexander the Great conquered the Persian Empire November 333BC

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On this day, we commemorate the Battle of Issus.

On November 5, 333 B.C., near the Pinarus River’s mouth, the Hellenic League led by Alexander the Great defeated the armies of the Achaemenid Empire led by Darius III, in the second great battle of Alexander’s campaign against the Persians.

The Battle of Issus was a decisive Hellenic victory, and it marked the beginning of the end of Persian power. It was the first time the Persian army had been defeated with the King (Darius III at the time) present.

After the battle, the Hellenes captured Darius’ wife, Stateira I, his daughters, Stateira II and Drypetis, and his mother, Sisygambis, all of whom had accompanied Darius on his campaign. Alexander, who later married Stateira II, treated the captured women with great respec