Turkey has been excluded from the forthcoming Summit for Democracy to be hosted in December by US President Joe Biden on December 9-10, 2021, as confirmed by the list of invitees published by the State Department.
In what is yet another blow for isolated Turkey, Greece, Cyprus and more than 90 other countries including Turkish ally Pakistan are invited to participate in the summit.
President Biden will host the virtual summit for leaders from government, civil society, and the private sector. The summit will focus on challenges and opportunities facing democracies and will provide a platform for leaders to announce both individual and collective commitments, reforms, and initiatives to defend democracy and human rights at home and abroad.
For the United States, the summit will offer an opportunity to listen, learn, and engage with a diverse range of actors whose support and commitment is critical for global democratic renewal. It will also showcase one of democracy’s unique strengths: the ability to acknowledge its imperfections and confront them openly and transparently, so that “we may, as the United States Constitution puts it, form a more perfect union.”
In advance of the first summit, the US will be consulting with experts from government, multilateral organisations, philanthropies, civil society, and the private sector to solicit bold, practicable ideas around three key themes:
- Defending against authoritarianism
- Addressing and fighting corruption
- Promoting respect for human rights
Leaders will be encouraged to announce specific actions and commitments to meaningful internal reforms and international initiatives that advance the Summit’s goals.
These pledges will include domestic and international initiatives that counter authoritarianism, combat corruption, and promote respect for human rights.
Civil society will be represented on panels and in townhalls as a part of the official program. Their inclusion is based on a variety of factors including geographic representation, political context, and subject matter expertise.
Invited Participants to the Summit for Democracy
Antigua and Barbuda
Democratic Republic of Congo
Papua New Guinea
Republic of Korea
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Sao Tome and Principe
Trinidad and Tobago