1,800-year-old geometric patterned mosaic found in the Ancient Greek city Pergamon now modern Turkey


A geometric patterned floor mosaic was unearthed during the excavations carried out around the Red Basilica in Pergamon, an ancient city in western Turkey listed as a UNESCO World Heritage site.

The artifact is estimated to be from the second-third centuries A.D.


Pergamon is located 26 kilometers (16 miles) from the present coastline of the Aegean Sea and northwest of the Bergama district in Izmir province.

Pergamon or Pergamum, also referred to by its modern Greek form Pergamos, was a rich and powerful ancient Greek city in Mysia.

The mosaics on the floor of a building that is thought to belong to a religious area around the Red Basilica were among the recent findings unearthed by the work of the museum directorate. The mosaics are evaluated as "rare artifacts" with their intact and undestroyed structure.

Bergama Museum director Nilgün Ustura stated that the archaeological studies in the region will progress further and they hope to come across different building remains within the framework of the ancient building complex. Ustura also informed that they will make a scientific publication on the latest finds in the ancient city of Pergamon after the completion of the excavations.