Negative demographic record for Greece - 6th place worldwide in population aging


During 2022, when ELSTAT completed the census, the shrinking trend of the Greek population was confirmed: Births were down by 10.31% compared to the previous year. In absolute numbers, 76,541 children - and, prospectively, new Greek citizens - were born in 2022, i.e. 8,805 less than the 85,346 children registered in the registries throughout the territory in 2021.

In fact, the total number of births in 2022 broke every previous negative demographic record for our country since 1955, as for the first time since official and valid statistics have been kept, fewer than 80,000 births per year were recorded in Greece.

The most ominous fact is that over the last 67 years, the number of births in Greece has been gradually decreasing. The downward trend has become more intense in recent years, especially after 2008, a period characterised by the global economic crisis - perhaps much more painful for most citizens - in Greece. Thus, while in the decade of the '00s, there was a glimpse of an increase in births, from 2008 onwards, the population decline dominated. And it causes problems, of course, even compellingly raising the issue of Greece's existence in the long run.

The above alarming picture, with the apparent population shrinkage of the country, is actively captured in a thorough scientific study entitled "Low Birth Rate and Mortality in Greece", which was prepared by Professor Constantin Zopounidis (Academic, Royal Academy of Economics & Finance, Royal European Academy of Spanish Doctors, Honorary Dr. APTH, Technical University of Crete & Audencia Business School in France), Dr. Dimitris Batakis (Crete Polytechnic, Financial Engineering Laboratory, M.Sc. LSE International Health Policy, M.Sc. Health Economics and Management) and Manolis Karakostas (M.Sc. Health Professional Business Administration – Researcher).

The comparative observation and comparison of the rate of births with the corresponding rate of deaths illustrates even more precisely the magnitude of the problem. The statistics show that since 2010, the balance of births/deaths has been permanently negative, with steadily increasing trends.

As the researchers characteristically note, "per five-year average since 1955, the number of deaths has been continuously increasing. In fact, the increase is significantly higher in the three years 2020-2022 than in previous periods. One could assume this is due to the coronavirus pandemic for 2021 and 2022, but the jump in deaths to 131,084 in 2020 from 124,954 in 2019 testifies that the problem is deeper."

The direct consequence of the birth lag compared to deaths is that Greece is getting older. Within 50 years, Greeks under 14 decreased by 11.3%. In 1971, they were 25.4% of the entire population, while in 2021, they were measured at just 14.1%. At the same time, the course of older people is inversely proportional. The over-65 population group grew almost as much as the young, with 11.7%.

In terms of comparison with what is valid worldwide, the study finds that, in terms of population aging, Greece is in 6th place worldwide, with 22.8% of its inhabitants over 65 years of age. By 2050, this population group will comprise 34.5% of the inhabitants, bringing our country to 7th place on the relevant list.

It goes without saying that when the elderly increase and the younger decrease, deaths multiply. And the spiral toward extinction, as it accelerates over time after a certain point, becomes irreversible. At the same time, one should consider that, for example, in Africa, a reverse trend has been observed in recent years, with the population there increasing, the average age falling, and so on.

So, it is reasonable to assume that Greece will be increasingly vulnerable in the future, increasingly powerless to resist waves of immigration from the international environment. The prospect of "conquest" of Greece by races of different ethnic, religious, cultural, etc. origin is not a nationalistic and reactionary type of riskology.

It does not arise from ideological, essentially racist, phobias or prejudices. It is simply a reality reflected in cold statistics and confirmed by studies such as the one presented by Proto Thema.

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