May 21, 1864: The Ionian Islands unite with Greece

ionian island

Corfu, together with the other Ionian islands, formed an autonomous state with its own flag and parliament (Ionian Parliament) in 1800 after Russia and Turkey agreed to this status.

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May 21, 1864: The Ionian Islands unite with Greece 1

It was the first time that the Greek people won the right to govern themselves after the fall of Constantinople in 1453.

In the seven years that lasted, the economic and social life of the people of Corfu improved dramatically.

Then the first Ionian Academy (University) was founded.

psifisma enosis eptanhsou

However, with the outbreak of the Russo-Turkish war, the Ionian State sided with the Russians, who were eventually defeated.

The French then occupied the Ionian Islands for eight years, during which Liston was built in an exact copy of Rivoli Street in Paris.

Liston Square Corfu
Liston, Corfu.

In 1815, with the founding of the United States of the Ionian Islands, Corfu remained for 49 years under English protection and no longer under the French.

In these years, the growth does not stop.

The English built the church of Agios Georgios, the barracks in the Old Fortress, and the building of the Provident (which is not preserved today).

During these years, many efforts were made by the Ionian Islands for their independence and union with the Greek State that emerged in 1827.

Finally, in 1863, the Great Powers signed a treaty in London under which England renounced the protection of the Ionian Islands.

On May 21, 1864, the Ionian Islands officially became part of Greece, and the Greek flag was hoisted at Corfu Castle.

The then Greek state, with little experience and infrastructure, tried to extract as much as possible from the Ionian Islands, with their rich tradition, history, experience, and culture.

Despite the difficulties in achieving its goals, the Ionian Academy did not stop providing assistance in the development of our people and the Greek state in its early years for more than 40 years.

READ MORE: What is the fogatsa from Corfu?

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