'Protomagia' traditions and customs



Protomagia (May 1st) is International Labour Day in Greece and it is a holiday where people traditionally go to the countryside for picnics, to fly kites and to gather flowers.

Today, Greeks will also be celebrating the last month of Spring for 2019.

However the normal celebrations will be different this year due to the coronavirus pandemic.

The custom of Protomagia has its roots in ancient Greece, celebrating Spring and nature with a flower festival.

Maios (May) took its name from the Goddess Maja, whose name comes from the ancient word Maia, nurse and mother.


May, according to Greek folklore, has two meanings: The good and the bad, rebirth and death. The custom celebrates the final victory of the summer against winter as the victory of life against death goes back to the ancient years.

This day was also dedicated to the goddess of agriculture Dimitra and her daughter Persephone, who this day emerges from the underworld and comes to earth. Her coming to earth from Hades marks the blooming of nature and the birth of summer.

Another ancient celebration that Protomagia has its roots in is Anthestiria, a celebration in honour of Dionysios (the Greek God of theatre and parties) a festival of souls, plants, and flowers, celebrating the rebirth of man and nature.

The custom around Greece on May 1, is to decorate the doors of houses with flower wreaths, as a way of welcoming the power of nature and upcoming summer into the home. The wreath is made from various flowers, handpicked and knitted together. In some parts of Asia Minor, people put on each wreath, except flowers, garlic for the evil eye, a thorn to protect the house from enemies and an ear for a good harvest.

The wreaths adorn the doors of houses until the day of St. John the Harvester (June 24) when all the wreaths of the neighbourhood are gathered and burnt in a big fire, the fire of the saint.

Kali Protomagia- Happy 1st day of May!