The celebrated Greek statesman Pericles is credited with ordering the design and construction of the Parthenon between 447 and 432 BC as a temple for Athena—the goddess of wisdom, arts and literature and war. Still dominating the modern city of Athens, the Parthenon is a magnificent testimony to the glory and renown the city enjoyed throughout antiquity. Pericles had made no idle boast then when he emphatically stated that ‘…we shall be the marvel of the present day and of ages yet to come.
The movement to return the Parthenon marbles to their motherland was started in the 1980s. But it is not just the Elgin marbles that have been removed from Greece. Some of the most magnificent Greek sculptures ever created are in fact located in various museums around the world, proudly representing the country in which they were born.